ASTM A153 – Standard Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware
This specification covers standards for zinc coatings applied through hot-drip process on iron and steel hardware. The hot-dip galvanizing process shall form layers of Zn/Fe alloy adhering to the steel surface. This specification is applicable to steel hardware items of Classes A, B, C, and D. The thickness or weight/mass of zinc coating shall conform to specified values for various classes of materials. The coated articles shall be free from uncoated areas, blisters, flux deposits, dross inclusions, and other defects. The coating shall be smooth and reasonably uniform in thickness. Tests shall be performed to determine the minimum coating weight or minimum coating thickness, finish and appearance, embrittlement, adherence, average weight/mass of coating, and average thickness of coating. Guidelines are also given for inspection, rejection and retest, packaging, and certification procedures.
1.1 This specification covers zinc coatings applied by the hot-dip process on iron and steel hardware. The hot-dip galvanizing process consists of parts being immersed in molten zinc for a sufficient time to allow a metallurgical reaction between iron from the steel surface and the molten zinc, resulting in the formation of Zn/Fe alloy layers bonding the coating to the steel surface.
1.2 This specification is intended to be applicable to hardware items that are centrifuged or otherwise handled to remove excess galvanizing bath metal (free zinc). Coating thickness grade requirements reflect this.
1.3 Fasteners that must comply with the Fastener Quality Act require specific statistical sampling during the inspection of the fastener lots. Requirements for the sampling of these fasteners can be found in F2329/F2329M.
1.4 This specification is applicable to orders in either inch-pound units (as A153) or in SI units (as A153M). Inch-pound units and SI units are not necessarily exact equivalents. Within the text of this specification and where appropriate, SI units are shown in brackets. Each system shall be used independently of the other without combining values in any way. In the case of orders in SI units, all testing and inspection shall be done using the metric equivalent of the test or inspection method as appropriate. In the case of orders in SI units, such shall be stated to the galvanizer when the order is placed.