ASTM D792 – Standard Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement
Significance and Use
5.1 The specific gravity or density of a solid is a property that is conveniently measured to identify a material, to follow physical changes in a sample, to indicate degree of uniformity among different sampling units or specimens, or to indicate the average density of a large item.
5.2 Changes in density of a single material are due to localized differences in crystallinity, loss of plasticizer, absorption of solvent, or to other causes. It is possible that portions of a sample differ in density because of their differences in crystallinity, thermal history, porosity, and composition (types or proportions of resin, plasticizer, pigment, or filler).
5.3 Density is useful for calculating strength-weight and cost-weight ratios.
1.1 These test methods describe the determination of the specific gravity (relative density) and density of solid plastics in forms such as sheets, rods, tubes, or molded items.
1.2 Two test methods are described:
1.2.1 Test Method A—For testing solid plastics in water, and
1.2.2 Test Method B—For testing solid plastics in liquids other than water.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.